Saturday, September 18, 2010
Fras bin Nadr R - one of the as-Sabiqun al-Awwalun
Fras bin Nadr R - one of the as-Sabiqun al-Awwalun
(May Allah be pleased with him).
Fras bin Nadr R was from the family of 'Abdud Dar bin Qusayy.Fras bin Nadr R was one of the as-Sabiqun al-Awwalun (Early converts to Muslims).His father Nadr bin Harith was an enemy of Islam.
His ancestor Qusayy bin Kilab was the first Quraysh guardian of Ka'bah.
Abd Manaf bin Qusayy, the younger brother of 'Abdud Dar bin Qusayy was an ancestor of Muhammad S.
'Abdud Dar bin Qusayy and Abd Manaf bin Qusayy were descendents of Isma'il A (Ishmael).Isma'il A (Ishmael) was the elder son of Ibrahim A (Abraham). He helped his father in the construction of Ka'bah. Both Ibrahim A (Abraham) and Isma'il A (Ishmael) were Rusul (Messengers) of Allah (God).
Nadr bin Harith, father of Fras bin Nadr R was a neighbor of Muhammad S in Makkah.
Allah chose Muhammad S as His last Rasul (Messenger) in the year 14BH (Before Hijrah) (608 AD).Islam was practiced secretly for its first three years. In the year 10BH (Before Hijrah) (612 AD), Muhammad S began inviting people to Islam openly. Quraysh did not like it.
Islam challenged their entire system. They felt threatened by the preaching of Muhammad S. They wanted to stop Islam before it could destroy their leadership in Arabia. They began torturing Muhammad S and Muslims. Many Muslims could not tolerate the persecution and torture by their fellow Quraysh.
Muhammad S permitted them to migrate from Makkah to Habash (Ethiopia). More than one hundred Muslims migrated to Habash (Ethiopia) in small groups over a period of almost two years.A Christian king Najjashi (Negus) ruled Habash (Ethiopia) at that time. He welcomed the migrant Muslims and allowed them to stay in his country for as long as they wanted.
Fras bin Nadr R also migrated to Habash (Ethiopia).Muslims of Makkah later migrated to Yathrib (Madinah).When Muhammad S migrated to that city, its name was changed to Madina-tun Nabi. It meant city of the Messenger. Later, it became popular by its shorter version Madinah. Madinah means the city.
Quraysh did not like to see Islam prosper in Madinah. They decided to finish Islam in its infancy. They put together an army and marched towards Madinah. A Muslim army met them, near the well of Badr. Muslims, one third of the numbers of Quraysh, defeated them in the battle of Badr. Muslims and Quraysh fought this battle on the 17th of Ramadan (Ninth month of Islamic calendar) in the year 2H (Hijrah) (623 AD).
Nadr bin Harith, father of Fras bin Nadr R was one of the flag-bearers of the Quraysh army. Muslims defeated the Quraysh decisively. More than seventy Quraysh including many of their chiefs were killed. Muslims also captured an equal number of Quraysh. Fourteen (14) Muslims achieved Shahadah (Martyrdom) in this battle.
Nadr bin Harith was captured in the war. He was later killed at a place called Safra' by 'Ali bin Abu Talib R.
And Allah know best.
Glory be to Allah with His Own Praise
The first and foremost who accepted Islam-as-saabiqun al-awwalun
The terms sabiqa (for sabq).meaning”precedence” in general and, more specifically, “was a key concept in the early sociopolitical history of Islam ,invoked to “rank” the faithful according to their excellence. In addition to early conversation, proceedence in amigrating for the sake of Islam (both to Abyssina and to Medina) and in participation in the early battles of Islam also conferred great merit. The two concepts of precedences (sawabiq) and “merits” or “excellences” (fada’il) became conjoined to creat a paradigm of the most excellent leadership. Such a paradigm finds scriptural sanction in Quranic verses such as “ God is satisfied with those who preceeded foremost (al-sabiqun al-awwalun) from among the Muhajirun and the Ansar and those who followed them in cherity and they please with Him, and He has prepared for them gardens below which flow rivers where they will dwell forever: that is the great victory;”—
Those who preced(d) are the ones who precede (al-sabiqun al- sabiqun); they are those who will be brought near [to God] in the gardens of bliss” (Surat-Al-Waqi’a, 56:10-12) , and “ Those among you who spent and fought before the victory are not of the same rank [as others] but greater in rank than those who spent and fought afterwards” (Surah-al-Hadad, 57:10).
Sunni sources uniformly assign the highest precedence to the Prophet’s Companions from among the Muhajirun and the Ansar, and even among them recognize a certain order of precedence. Among Sunni exegates-al-Tabari reports that the phrase “al-Muhajirun al-awalun” or “al-sabiqun al-awwalun” in verse 9:100 was understood to refer to those Muslims in particular who took pledge of al-Ridwan (a reference) to the treaty of al-Hudaybiyya in AH 6/628 CE). The munaqib or fada’il al sahabah sections of standard Sunni hadith compilations also emphasize the sabiqa of the Companions as the critation for assigning greater excellent to them in general from the community of the faithful.
It is well known that when the official diwan or register of pensions was first established by’Umar in circa AH 15, the sabiqa of each Muslim became an important critation in determining the amount of stipend he or she would be awarded. Those who were among the Mujahirun, were given larger stipends. Although the diwan was organized according to tribal affiliation, it was the principle of sabiqa that determined its overall function , pointing to the centrality of this concept in the early period.
The companions of the Holy Prophet Muhammad, peace be upon him, are called "as-saabiqun al-awwalun". As-Sabiqun al-Awwalun are the first and foremost Companions of the beloved Prophet Muhammad, peace be upon him, who accepted Islam .
First person who accepted Islam Khadijah his wife, Zaid Ibn Haritha his freed slave, Ali Ibn Abi Talib his cousin and Abu Bakr his friend (May Allah be pleased with them).
Who accepted Islam at the instance :Abu Bakr (May Allah be pleased with him)
Uthman Ibn Affan, Zubair Ibn Awwam, Abdur Rahman Ibn Awf, Sad Ibn Abi Waqqaas, Talha Ibn Ubaidullah and Saeed Ibn Zaid (Umar's son-in-law) (May Allah be pleased with them).
The ladies to accept Islam at first:
Abbas's wife Ummaul Fadl, Abu Bakr's wife Asma Bint Umais, his daughter Asma Bint Abi Bakr and Fatimah Bint Al Khattab Umar's sister (May Allah be pleased with them).
The Dawah in the beginning, was done in secret, about forty people embraced Islam in the early stage, the call in secret continue for three years. They would gather secretly in the house of a Muslim called Arqam to learn about Islam and the revelations sent down to the Prophet (p.b.u.h.). The Prophet (p.b.u.h.) start to preach Islam openly after three years when he received the revelation to that effect. The impact of his public preaching was a success that people accepted Islam increasingly. The main miracle of the Prophet (p.b.u.h.) is the Holy Quran. The Prophet (p.b.u.h.) also perform other miracles , the splitting of the moon was one of them.
Abu Jahl is one of the Prophet's (p.b.u.h.) uncles. some of the disbelievers of Makkah who supported the Prophet (p.b.u.h.), but did not embrace Islam until the end : Abu Talib, Mutim Ibn Adi and Abul Bukhtari.
Abu Talib protect the Prophet (p.b.u.h) for 42 years - from the Prophet's childhood until he himself died.
Mutim Ibn Adi is a chief of Makkah. Mutim Ibn Adi give protection to the Prophet (p.b.u.h.) when the Prophet (p.b.u.h.) returned from Taif and wanted to enter Makkah. Mutim Ibn Adi die , he was killed in the Battle of Badr.
Abul Bukhtari was a poet. Abul Bukhtari support the Prophet Muhammad (p.b.u.h.), he spoke out against the social boycott. Abul Bukhtari killed in the battle of Badr.
The Muslims emigrate to Abyssinia over their growing persecution at the hands of Quraish. Surah Az Zumar lead to this emigration. The King of Abyssinia, known as Najjashi (the Negus), during the time of the Prophet (p.b.u.h.) was As'hama.
The first group of Muslims leave for Abyssinia in Rajab, in the fifth year of Prophethood. There were 12 men and 4 women in the group. They were received warmly and hospitably in Abyssinia. The second group of emigrants leave for Abyssinia In the fifth year of Prophethood. There were 83 men and 18 women formed the group. A prominent companion included in this group is Ja'far Ibn Abi Talib (May Allah be pleased with him).
The Quraish despatched two envoys to Abyssinia to demand the extradition of the emigrants. The King refused to extradite the Muslims and assured them of his full protection.
Umar (May Allah be pleased with him) accept Islam At the age of 27.
Bilal Ibn Rabah (May Allah be pleased with him) was a slave of Umayyah Ibn Khalaf. Bilal Ibn Rabah's) origin/ decent from of the Abyssinian. The name of Bilal's mother was Hamama. Yaser (May Allah be pleased with him) was a slave of Abu Jahl.
Sumayyah (May Allah be pleased with her) was Yaser's (a slave of Abu Jahl) wife. Ammar (May Allah be pleased with him) was Yaser and Sumayyah's only son. Summaya (May Allah be pleased) die, Abu Jahl murderded her with a bayonet.
Zaid Ibn Haritha (May Allah be pleased with him) was a slave. Khadijah's nephew Hakim Ibn Hizam purchased Zaid Ibn Haritha and presented him to her. Khadijah presented Zaid Bin Haritha to the Prophet who set him free. Zaid Bin Haritha doesn’t want to go to his parents, he preferred to live with the Prophet (p.b.u.h.).Zaid Bin Haritha married to Umma Aiman (May Allah be pleased with her).
Ja'far was the elder brother of Ali Ibn Talib (May Allah be pleased with him). Ja'far emigrate to Abyssinia. Ali (May Allah be pleased with him) was the son of Abu Talib and cousin of the Prophet (p.b.u.h.). Ali (May Allah be pleased with him) accept Islam when he was 19. Ali was called for his bravery as The "Lion of Allah". Ali first married the Prophet's (p.b.u.h.) daughter Fatimah (may Allah be pleased with her). Ali have from her two sons: Hasan and Husain (May Allah be pleased with them).
Sa'd bn Abi Waqqas (May Allah be pleased with him) become a Muslim when he was 19. Sa'd (May Allah be pleased with him) die died in Al Madinah. Sa'd's advice to Muslims to stand united.
Abu Bakr's father (May Allah be pleased with him) and he accept Islam he was Uthman (May Allah be pleased with him) (Abu Quhafah) he accepted Islam during the Conquest of Makkah.
And Allah knows bes
Posted by IMA at 4:22 PM